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The purpose of this site


Welcome to this short introduction to Air Cargo and Air Mail.  Even though I have been working in or around the air cargo industry for 20 years already, I seldomly have to tell how the air cargo process works from scratch to someone who does not know anything about it yet.  Until there was this new colleague who really needed to understand the process.  Then I found out it is very hard, or almost impossible, to find general information on air cargo basics on the internet, or elsewhere in the poublic domain.  Most information inside cargo companies handles only parts of the process, and is for the largest part aimed at people already working in the air cargo industry.  So apparently I had think this out for myself.


That is why this site has been set up.  The purpose is to provide general information or a framework on the setup of air cargo processes, for people new to the business.  Of course details of the processes will in the end vary per company.
Are you looking for a more general explanation, e.g. for a school, then take a look here at "How Stuff Works" or here at Wikipedia.  A nice video showing the air cargo process from beginning to end can be found here on TeacherTube (elsewhere on my site you will find several videos as well, by the way).


I invite all of you in the industry to contact me for corrections or additions, 
and who are new in the business to question me 
in order to improve the information on this site! 

Perhaps I also have to search for the requested information in my network, but I will certainly process your information.  Let me know what you think about the site or what you are missing!




Site map


On the site you will find the following information (click on the item to go there):




  • OTHER ITEMS AND LINKS can be found in the right-hand column of this website ---->
    • Air Cargo Books
    • Air Cargo Blogs
    • Air Cargo Courses
    • Air Cargo Events
    • Air Cargo Magazines
    • Air Cargo Newsfeeds
    • Air Cargo Shipment Tracking
    • Cargo Aircraft Capacity Specifications & Dimensions
    • Cargo Aircraft Photos
    • Cargo Aircraft Videos

I hope you can find what you are looking for!





AIR CARGO - HOW IT WORKS 
can also be found on:







Photo: Lufthansa Cargo Communications, FRA F/CI





73 comments:

  1. hey,

    your site is really interesting and very helpful. i'm writting my masters paper at the moment and i really need some academic resources on the subject of the air freight supply chain. are all these informations based on your experience or to you have any good books or journals you could recommend?

    cheers

    udo

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Udo thanks... I'm afraid most of the information, esp. the process set-up, is indeed based on my own experience in the industry over the years, in several jobs and several companies. What information are you looking for / what is the exact subject of your masters? brgds Roland.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi,

    We found your website during our search for agents.
    As a freight forwarder specialised in air freight we would like to ask if it is possible to mention our company between the other freight forwarders.
    Please check our company website www.cobelair.be

    Thanks and best regards

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hi Cobelair no problem ; anyone in the air cargo business who wants their link mentioned free of charge can write me.

    ReplyDelete
  5. hi.. i'm studying aviation management degree rite now and very interested in logistics.. can i have you as reference for my research? it's just for the assignments as my lecturer wont accept internet resources except from journals, textbooks, etc ( academic resource). however, you are from the industry with years of experience which i think a better reference i can use. i hope u can email me about your career background and work experience in this industry to me at dilaraaz132@gmail.com. thank you for your cooperation.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi roland... the presentation and material on your site is very comprehensive/useful and well classified..the air cargo process is explained in a holistic manner..

    this stuff was very useful to me..

    Monty

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hi Roland
    I am thinking of setting up a cargo business can you please give some advice of where to start and how can I hire a container or site where I can keep my goods while iam collecting and how much do you thing it will cost
    many thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Fahiye, well that depends on a lot of things. First thing is your current experience in the business. If you have none, you'd probably best start to google "how to start an air cargo business" to gather the first basic issues to solve there. I would then advise to first gain experience as an employee with an existing air cargo forwarder or courier, do the IATA Cargo Agents training and get a certificate, and then decide how to find your local 'niche'. If you have further questions plse send me your e-mail address OK.

      Delete
  8. Hi Roland,
    Your Blog is very informative. Thanks!
    I am looking to commence business int he air cargo industry.
    Hoping to be an agent representative to an air cargo company?
    My question: How does an agent make its money in air cargo? The air cargo company has its various fees which are charged to customers. Do I add an extra fee or do I receive some sort of percentage from shipments?

    Coriice

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. @Coriice Hi Thank you! Well, basically there are two kinds of agents:
      (1) the GSA - General Sales Agent earning money by representing the cargo airline and selling the airline's aircraft capacity against a fee or commission, and
      (2) the Air Cargo Forwarder earning money by buying capacity from the airline (or its GSA) and reselling this capacity to his/her customers, with a margin and often also with an advantage on the buying side because he/she can consolidate the cargo from several customers and thus avoid the higher basic costs for smaller single shipments, and perhaps even get a volume discount.
      If you want to become an agent yourself, I would advise to first gain experience as an employee and perhaps get a basic training then, bcse it can be a tough and complicated business. I will try and make a page about the dynamics of selling and buying air cargo someday.

      Delete
  9. Hey guys, this website looks really well. And, according to the number of page views, there seems to be certainly a demand for sharing information in the market of air cargo.
    By the way, for air cargo pilots and for cargo crew working remote/mobile with Apple iPads (tablets) there is nowadays the Knee Dock.
    The Knee Dock is a leg strap holder for an iPad. It’s designed by a pilot for hands free viewing the tablet during the flight. More information on http://www.kneedock.info.
    Best regards, Wouter.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Wouter Knee Dock, thx, and did you know the release of the new Apple products are always good news for the air cargo business as well? Although not always for their other customers... Distribution of the iPad3 over the last few weeks (mainly done by DHL) drove the air cargo prizes from Asia as much as 20% up! See http://www.aircargonews.net/News/Apple-makes-airfreight-prices-pear~shaped.aspx Hope your products can do the same one day :)

      Delete
  10. In my own thoughts Air cargo is one of the fastest way of transportation from your country to another and that is air cargo's work.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Can anyone tell what kind of short movie is good showing how does cargo really works in the airport???

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, perhaps this is a good video for you from LAN Cargo: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=-wXKWNgNMTU

      or this video from Hong Kong Air Cargo - Cargo Handling Services: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vY5p4276to

      or else perhaps this presentation from Schiphol Airport more focused on the future: http://www.schiphol-smartgate.nl/docs/TOEKOMSTVISIE-SCHIPHOL-ENGELS.pdf

      Delete
  12. Hi Roland,

    Thanks for the write up... very informative :)

    Can I ask, though customs clearance (documentation) usually done by broker or forwarder, which party actually brings the physical cargo for customs inspection at the airport? Will that be Cargo handling agent/operator?

    Thanks!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Paul thanks for the positive feedback. Indeed as far as I know the customs inspection at the airport will in most cases take place by customs in the cargo handling agent's warehouse, based on the declared airline manifest or the import or export declaration of the broker or forwarder. Otherwise in any other warehouse or distri centre as long as the goods are still under customs supervision ("bonded warehouse" with sealed road transport from/to the airline's handling agent).

      Delete
  13. Hi Roland, I cannot find your contact information... What is the email address I can use to contact you?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Jola, I sent my direct e-mail address to you some time ago.

      Delete
  14. Packair -
    We specialize in Air Cargo and this is a great Blog for information about how it works. Keep up the good work.

    You can see the Packair Blog at http://packairblog.wordpress.com
    and get a free quote at www.packair.com

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  15. Hello Roland,

    I'm a graduate student who wants to focus on air cargo.
    I'm wondering if you have any materials about the priority of perishable cargo. What kind of cargo is necessary to be stored in the temperature-controlled warehouse? Which one should be served first.

    Thanks!!!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi @TongZhou thx for your response. Temperature controlled cargo are mainly perishables (flowers, vegetables, meat, fish, fruits, etc.) or pharmaceuticals (vaccines, medical drugs, serums, plasma, etc.). Processes are described in the IATA Perishable Cargo Regulation (PCR). Storage time in a temperature controlled warehouse (if needed) depends on the connection time of the cargo at the airport and the insulation equipment used. Priority of the shipments will naturally be high esp. in comparison to general cargo, but of course this priority as well as the equipment and infrastructure needed must be paid for. Packing and labelling of these shipments are prescribed, and shipment temperature will be monitored. If you google e.g. "air cargo cold chain" or "air cargo cold chain priority" you will find quite some information... I hope this answer will do for here.

      Delete
    2. Cargoindia.net offer Special cargo services in Delhi,Cargo services in india,Sea freight forwarders in India,Freight forwarding companies, Aircraft charter services in Delhi,Air freight forwarders,Sea freight forwarders,Cargo services and many more.for more information click here: http://www.cargoindia.net/ and call us : +91-11-42664144.
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      Delete
  16. Having very good info on air cargos.
    I like this.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Hi Roland,

    I can't find the words to describe how many quality information you have provided here. I've been looking for a while all over the internet to find more information on AirMail and nothing useful to find. :(

    I know you are probably busy and don't have much of a free time, but if you can please contact me on my email to ask few more questions regarding Air cargo.

    I'm planning on starting business in this industry so any help from you would be kindly appreciate.

    My email address is nmalinowski31@gmail.com.

    Thank you so much for your noble mission you have with this great blog.
    Best wishes,

    Nicholas

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Nicholas, tried to e-mail you several times but can't seem to reach you sorry...

      Delete
  18. Thank you so much for posted valueable, and authentic information on your blog about Air Freight services.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Thanks to sharing your informative post. such as i really like to your post.i am waiting for your other post.
    International Freight Services

    ReplyDelete
  20. But air cargo is just one of the ways to do transportation. When could we see other posts for example about water cargo or smth like that...?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Haha Vietiniai kroviniu pervezimai good idea indeed but that's a bit out of my league I'm afraid....

      Delete
  21. Hiii
    So you have no other option and you must move your goods by air. But the challenge is to find an airfreight shipping service that will meet your deadlines and can deliver to all major centers around the world.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Thanks for sharing the information about the Air cargo.

    http://www.cargoforce.com

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hi
    I'v completed my IATA/FIATA introductory course with 1year working experience in cargo company.. inthe year 2005..
    It's a long gap since then..I had to taken a break to raise my kids since then..can I start fresh..holding the past degree..or do I have to do some carrier related courses..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Sucharita, it's bit hard to say 'from a distance', and it depends on the kind kind of job you're looking for of course, but the introductory course with one year experience looks like a good start to seacrh for a new job still... try to get an invitation or connection at a company you would like to work for, and see what they say about it. Basically not too much has changed in the industry processes since 2005 except for the more extensive use of e-freight and Cargo2000 (see my pages about this).

      Delete
  24. Air Freight

    Thank you for sharing Air Freight info.I found this post to be every informative.It is also very useful for every body.


    ReplyDelete
  25. Thank you for sharing. It is important that your courier service is TSA Certified to ensure your goods are shipped expediently and in compliance with US laws and regulations. This helps for a smooth and easy transportation of your goods to its final destination.
    air freight Minneapolis

    ReplyDelete
  26. good that you shared information about air cargo in your blog & please visit our website
    http://www.cargoforce.co.uk/air-freight.html

    ReplyDelete
  27. Hi Rolland,
    your site is really interesting and very helpful.
    I cannot find your contact information... What is the email address I can use to contact you?
    Regards
    Soncy

    ReplyDelete
  28. Hi,
    I would like ask you question about new acas processes coming in US and EU.
    Will you please share more info on that
    Regards
    Soncy

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Soncy & others, plse see the following two sites for this ACAS subject:
      http://www.tsa.gov/air-cargo-advance-screening-pilot
      http://www.aircargoworld.com/Air-Cargo-News/2013/03/a-new-day-for-global-air-cargo-security/0812813

      Delete
  29. Hii
    Thanks for sharing this review about trucking company. I am also planning to build it but it seems that it will need a huge budget to have those kind of heavy trucks.

    ReplyDelete
  30. information shared by you is very informative
    Air Cargo

    ReplyDelete
  31. Just want to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is Just nice and i could assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.



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    ReplyDelete
  32. I really like your post its very informative..

    Thanks

    BS Cargo and Clearance

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  33. Nice Information about a Air Cargo very useful this new trends.

    Air Fright Transportation

    ReplyDelete
  34. its really nice side for get information.

    thank you

    ReplyDelete
  35. Thank you. Your blog was very helpful and efficient For Me,Thanks for Sharing the information.

    ReplyDelete
  36. How do you start in this line of work? I'm 33 and can't afford an apprentice wage of £6,000 a year. Any information would be grateful.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Kate, well an apprentice wage wouldn't seem necessary i guess... Like I answered Sucharita (see above): it's bit hard to say 'from a distance', and it depends on your experience / resume and the kind kind of job you're looking for of course. I think it's best to try and get an invitation or connection at a company you would like to work for, and see what they say about it ; perhaps via one of the air cargo groups at LinkedIn. And you can try an introductory course. Plse let me know if you need more information...

      Delete
  37. Hi, what kind of cargo planes use prop engines as opposed to the jet engine option today?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi well to name a few prop engined cargo aircraft (depending on required payload & dimensions of course): Airbus A400M, Lockheed Martin "Hercules" C130J, Antonov An-32, EADS CASA C-295, Alenia C-27J "Spartan", de Havilland Canada DHC-4 "Caribou", Fokker F27-400/700 etc. ; and of course some older still flying types like the Douglas DC-3, DC-6 etc....

      Delete
  38. This one is very helpful, particularly the site map. This is like an e-book library of shipping right?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Air Freight Philippines, thank you and yes, making it into a real downloadable e-book would be a good idea - i will work on that!

      Delete
  39. Are you looking for a Best Air Freight Transportation Services So now Visit the Website www.freightguru.com

    ReplyDelete
  40. For me this blog attract me most according from it's information and from it's lovely photos that might be one factor that convince the viewer.-air cargo shipment, thanks for a well done blog like this.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Well Kokobee, thank you for these nice words :)

      Delete
  41. At The UPS Store in Miami - Brickell, we offer a full range of business services, including: full-service packing, shipping through UPS, DHL and USPS, freight shipping for larger items, private mailbox services (mail receiving/forwarding), black-and-white and color printing, laminating, binding, collating, faxing, office/packing supplies, and notary services. Visit us today at http://www.theupsstorebrickell.com

    ReplyDelete
  42. You have a great thought about Freight Companies. Transportation services has customized its services to blend soundly and accommodate special cargo as fine art.

    ReplyDelete
  43. Hi,
    Your site is very helpful and comprehensive. Thanks for sharing!

    Could you please tell more about the role of cargo airlines in the aircargo supply chain? I.e. what exactly do they do and how important they are?
    Many thanks!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Minhnn, well basically the cargo airline's role in the supply chain is the same as the normal (passenger based) airlines, as mentioned elsewhere on this site. The difference is of course that a full cargo airline will fly with full freighters only, and therefor will also be able to handle bigger volumes and bigger pieces of cargo on the routes they fly. Besides that, you will find they fly partly (or completely) different routes than the passenger based airlines, because their network decisions are purely based on cargo revenues, and do not have to consider the passengers needs or revenues...

      Delete
  44. Nowadays, how should I expect to pay for airlines themselves, er kg, i.e. from london to beijing for 100kg

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, Airfreight rates of airlines are usually structured as a Fixed fee (covering basic costs for shipment handling) + a Variable fee (e.g. priced as a minimum + per kg fee, or in weight-breaks, with a maximum for heavy weights). Several surcharges can/will occur e.g. for fuel, security, etc. Often these rates structures will be reflected in the pricing of your forwarder ; the forwarder can often negotiate better rates because they consolidate volumes, and of course they add value (at separate charges) by taking care of your shipments for you. Plse also check the page “Forwarding Out” for further information and I will try and make a separate page for air cargo pricing…

      Delete
    2. Addition from FreightFox.com: Airfreight rates are expressed as a price per kilo which is the equivalent of 2.2 lbs. The higher the weight the lower the rate per kilo. All rates are published in the IATA (International Air Transport Association) publication TACT (The Air Cargo Tariff) and are quoted therein in the selling currency of the airport of departure.

      Delete
  45. Thanks for providing very useful information, this information is really helpful for improve my business. If you want to more companies list of Air cargo services in Dubai. see here.

    ReplyDelete
  46. A on the internet details to discovering Air Delivery Shipping Doha Qatar details. Here are leading Air Delivery Shipping Doha Qatar recommendations and more functions.

    See Here :) http://www.northoceanscm.com/logistics/air-freight

    ReplyDelete
  47. Impressive, such air cargo can handle tons of goods and materials from one point to another point globally.

    ReplyDelete
  48. Hi,

    My company is currently an ocean freight forwarder and now we want to expand our company and become an air cargo carrier as well. Can you or do you know anyone that can guide us through to the process? Is there somewhere on your website that provides a detailed list of things my company needs to complete before being an air cargo forwarder? Your help will be greatly appreciated. Thank you!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Annie, yes of course, the processes are mapped on the process pages (http://air-cargo-how-it-works.blogspot.nl/ ; or go to the upper right of this page > GO TO... > Air cargo process pages). Even if I would know it all, it's a bit hard to tell you here what would be needed to start an air freight office. If I were in your place I would start taking an IATA course (alone or with a colleague) to become a licensed air cargo agent, or else hire one or two licensed employees to help you start. And also start checking out your local market requirements like licences needed etc....

      Delete
  49. Such a informative blog. Thanks for providing such information related to
    Air cargo shipping This information is really helpful for everyone.

    ReplyDelete
  50. Hi,
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    Here are a best Air cargo shipping Company offer best air freight services worldwide and you can also track your shipment.

    ReplyDelete
  51. This is an informative blog by which I have got that info which I really wanted to get.
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  52. Thanks for the valuable information...
    Eximair Provides the best cargo services in Pune.



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  53. These blogs and articles are fully good enough for me.
    Excess Baggage Shipping

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